Posts Tagged health equity

#NewSet How to protect your hands at the Nail shop

Monthly manicure maintenance is growing in popularity. According to the Artificial Nails Market Research Report, by 2023, the rise could result in a market value of 2.23 Billion. Nail design historically goes back to 5,000 BC archeologists discovered an Egyptian mummy with ‘henna-tinted fingertips. Nail art allows self-expression and creativity.

But. Should we be worried about the health implications that our nail art and artificial nails could bring in the future? 

Recent studies have been unpacking the newfound concern with the modern-day manicure. With polishes popping up such as Gel and SNS that offer long-lasting wear that is more durable, it may cost our skin.

Using a UV light on nails with gel and sns allows the liquid and dip powder to cure and dry quicker and more even. However, using UV light every 2-3 weeks has severe health consequences for the delicate skin around the nail. It is estimated that an individual may sit 6-10 minutes under the UV emitting lamps, which are known to cause skin cancer. 

Studies are ongoing. One study stated that they could not clearly say UV lights cause skin cancer during manicures. However, research also tells us that prolonged UV light on the skin, such as tanning, can increase our risk of developing skin cancers such as melanoma. So, can we achieve these beautifully manicured looks without damaging our skin? 

The answer is still debated, but knowing the risks and taking precautions can help ease anxiety and keep our hands looking healthy.

Risks with UV light manicures:

  • Premature skin aging: Excessive exposure to UV light can age your skin prematurely.
  • Weakened nails: Gel manicures, in particular, although long-lasting, can weaken our natural nails, especially with added impact of UV light.
  • Skin cancer: Using UV light for extended periods risks skin cancers and melanoma.

Below are tips that can help in decreasing risks and exposure:

  • Special Occasions: Using gel manicures, acrylics, or anything that uses UV light for a special occasion. Many of these polishes or powders can be worn for three weeks up to a month, so wearing them for that time can help.
  • Gloves: There have been different gloves created for manicures. They expose the tip of the nail protecting the rest of the hand from the UV light.
  • Creams: Some salons offer creams that can help protect skin from the light. If your salon does not provide these services, try purchasing your own to carry.
  • Stretching Styles: Who doesn’t love a fresh set? Sometimes though, that means more risk of exposure when wearing for the 3- 1 month mark is more beneficial.

We love to see the individual and community ways we express beauty and art! However, we hope that as we navigate these moments of expressing ourselves, we also remember our safety and health.

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Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment 

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What You Need to know about Sarcomas

Sarcoma is the name of group cancers that arise from tumors within the bones and tissues, such as muscles and fat. According to Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, sarcoma lumps start out as tiny lumps that cannot be felt and then grow and move throughout the body. They impact children and adolescents primarily compared to adults, and one of the most significant indicators of sarcoma is lumps without any injury.

At this time, research has not shown what causes sarcoma cancer, but scientists have been able to find some risk factors that are listed below:

Risk factors presented by the American Cancer Society are below:

  • Family History: Family history of sarcoma or other medical syndromes such as familial retinoblastoma and neurofibromatosis type 1 can increase the risk. 
  • Radiation Treatment: The radiation from cancer treatment can put an individual at risk for developing sarcomas in the body.
  • Lack of Lymph System Drainage:  Radiation can damage our lymph nodes which carry out our immune system cells throughout our body.
  • Harsh Chemicals: Industrial chemicals and herbicides have been linked to causing other forms of cancer and being a risk for Sarcoma.

Signs of Sarcoma look like this:

  • Lumps under the skin that appear without known injury.
  • Pain in the bone 
  • Unexplained broken bones.
  • Blood in stool and vomit

Sarcoma can be treated through chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery, and effective treatment can be determined depending on the spread of the tumors. First, however, it is essential to be aware of your bone health and to immediately speak to a healthcare provider if anything changes.

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Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment 

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HUED challenges you to #takeabreak

In May, HUED shared an article, “The Mental Impact On Our Virtual Lives,” sharing how social media and the constant usage of our phones impact our mental health. Around 4.2 billion people utilize social media as of 2021, according to research which is roughly, roughly 58.4% of the global population.

It is easy to say “put the phone down,” but letting go of a habit without implementing healthy lifestyle changes or daily challenges may leave some feeling like they cannot go without their phone. Below we created a five-day challenge to allow you time away from the phone but first, some ground rules.

  1. Give yourself grace! It has been proven that phones can be addictive, so it is not uncommon for you to feel drawn to keep checking your phone.
  2. Create realistic goals and take them all step by step.
  3. Use the time to not think about your phone or social media and think about “real life.”

Ready for our challenge?

Every day in the morning:

  • Develop a morning routine! Try doing something for yourself, like doing a morning meditation or journaling.
  • Write one affirmation about yourself and say it throughout the day.

5 Day No Phone Challenge

  1. Day One: Take yourself out on a date! It doesn’t have to be expensive, but spend quality time with yourself and journal how it feels.
  2. Day Two: Try a new activity! Something new can get those brain waves flowing.
  3. Day Three: Connect with nature and get some sunlight. Take a hike or visit the beach.
  4. Day Four: Get offline and spend real-life time with your friends and family.
  5. Day Five: Summer cleaning! Take some time to clean out all the stuff you have outgrown.

Disconnecting from your devices allows for time to connect with others and, most importantly, with yourself. While doing this challenge, also make sure to give yourself grace if you feel the urge to check your phone or you do check your phone. Try this five-day challenge, and let us know how your progress went.

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO 

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment 

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How to Hike and stay Hydrated

Hiking is defined as the act of taking long walks specifically in nature. According to the Outdoor Industry Association hiking has grown in popularity and is now one of the top 4 forms of physical outdoor physical activity. It is an outdoor activity that can be done year-round with the right gear and preparation. We wanted to provide some healthy practices to ensure your safety while you tap into your love of hiking and of nature.

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics outlined a couple of tips that we prepared with our recommendations for hiking and camping:

  1. Stay Hydrated: It is important to say hydrated! The recommended ounces of water go up once you are physically active. Be sure to intake more water than you may normally drink because you are losing more water than you think.
  2. Pack Food: When it comes to packing food the academy of nutrition and dietetics recommends the following foods:
    1. Nuts
    2. Apples
    3. Granola bars
    4. Trail mix
    5. Dried jerky 
  3. Back Pain: To avoid potential back injury be sure to pack only what you need and avoid overpacking which can strain your back on a hike.
  4. Pack medicines: It is essential to have all necessary medications and prescriptions prior to going on a hike and it is beneficial to pack medication for possible aches and pains that can develop throughout the hike.
  5. Proper Coverage: Make sure you have the proper clothing and sunblock to protect yourself from the sun even if you are hiking in the winter. 
  6. Rest: Hiking is both a physical and mental sport that calls on both your body and mind so having resting periods in between hikes can help our bodies heal.

We encourage you to get your body moving and to be safe while doing it!

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO 

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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Get Youth Moving!

With summer coming to a close in the upcoming weeks, we must not shut the door to keep our bodies moving. According to WHO, more than 80% of school-aged adolescents (11-17 years of age) did not meet the recommended one-hour physical activity. The data from this study was released in 2019, before the Covid-19 global pandemic, in which physical activity drastically declined across the board. Therefore, as we prepare for the last few weeks of summer, it is essential to create a daily plan. Below is an infographic by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

Keep the Youth Moving:

  1. Try and limit screen-time in the morning and evening to encourage the mind and body to the center.
  2. WATER! Make sure kids are hydrated. Dehydration, as we know, can cause many health conditions and a lack of focus.
  3. You are leading by example! Yes, moving your body through walking, running, dance, or a circuit workout when not only help you but may inspire the kids around you too. Besides, who knows, it may even turn into a fun bonding activity.

Below is an infographic depicting how we can achieve 60 minutes of physical activity with our youth. This graph provided for a research study Start Active, Stay Active, illustrates that these moments of physical activity can be spread throughout the day.

Getting the body moving has a positive impact on both our physical health and even mental health. We encourage everyone to keep this body movement up throughout the day and the seasons! With school quickly approaching, we tend to go back inside but encouraging physical activity, even inside, will help our youth in the long run.

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO 

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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Chef It Up at Home: Tips For Eating In

With inflation impacting our daily necessities such as food, many people have turned back to eating at home. Prices for individual items such as eggs, milk, and bread have also risen but we have more control over our food if we make it ourselves. Below are some healthy reminders for our seasoned and beginner chefs by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Health Safety In the Kitchen:

  • Wash Your Hands: Yes, just like in the restaurant bathrooms, all cooking personnel should have clean hands before handling food. Even while at home, we need to wash our hands.
  • Clean your groceries: Cleaning groceries is an excellent way to not only rid the germs of other patrons’ germs but of lingering pesticides. 
  • Separate Utensils: Cross-contamination can happen at home. Be sure not to use the same utensil on multiple products. For example, the knife you cut the raw chicken with should not be used to cut the cucumbers for a salad.
  • Know Your Temperature: A quick search online or in a book on what temperature to cook raw items is essential. Serving a raw item is not only inconvenient, but it can make someone sick.
  • Clean Up: Clean up the kitchen! Disinfect and wipe everything down to avoid cross-contamination later. Example: You used eggs that splattered and did not properly clean, and someone started chopping an apple in the same spot. This can make someone sick, especially if people have allergies to specific items.

Following these steps while cooking will ensure a healthy experience, and below, we have an infographic provided by the Food Safety and Inspection Service from the USDA. Cooking food at the wrong temperature can be detrimental to our health.

Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA

Now, what should you be cooking? Well, that depends on your daily life and physical activity. The standard image of the “healthy plate” can be found below:

Harvard University, Healthy Plate.

This image shows that grains and protein are each ¼ of the plate, and fruits and vegetables combined are ½ of the plate. Again, this is an estimated infographic of our daily nutirion. Still, one should do their research and speak to a healthcare professional on what is the necessary breakdown for their health.

After you get the necessary information about your healthy plate, we can move on to the recipes! Cookbooks and digital recipes are available and can help hone in on some creativity in the kitchen. Spice it up by trying new recipes and ingredients and making it fun for yourself, and engaging family members and friends. 

Remember being healthy and being creative go hand and hand, we may have to eat at home, but that does not mean we leave the flavor outside.

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment

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Understanding Hepatitis: The Inflammation of the Liver

According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, Hepatitis is defined as liver inflammation. It has five viruses: Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis D and E are not as common in the US, but the breakdown of these five viral virus categories is as follows:

The Immunization Action Coalition broke down the causes, symptoms, and treatment of HAV, HBV, and HCV.

What are the types of Hepatitis?

Hepatitis A (HAV):

It is transmitted through fecal-oral transmission from an infected person or contaminated shellfish. Research shows Hepatitis HAV accounts for around 25% of cases, and about 85 percent of people with hepatitis recover within three to six months.

Hepatitis B (HBV)

It is transmitted through blood and certain body fluids. Having sex with an unprotected person, sharing needles, and from mother to baby at birth are ways HBV can pass. Research states that when an individual is first infected, it is called an acute infection; after six, it is called a chronic infection. 

Hepatitis C (HCV)

It is transmitted through blood and body fluids through sharing needles with an infected person, sharp objects, or from mother to baby at birth. Research states when individuals are infected, they may not experience any symptoms.

What are the symptoms?

Although the infection transmission is different across the forms of Hepatitis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the symptoms are as follows below:

  • Abdominal tenderness
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Lightly colored stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea 

What are treatments and prevention measures?

Hepatitis A (HAV):

Vaccinations are one of the best prevention measures and are available for 12-23 months and are open for 2-18 years. In addition, there are treatments to support the easing of the symptoms.

Hepatitis B (HBV)

Vaccinations are open for all infants and all people 19 and younger. Vaccinations are also available for individuals who are sexually active and are at risk of being infected. Although no medication is available, an individual can monitor the signs of liver disease progression, and anti-viral drugs are available. 

Hepatitis C (HCV)

No vaccines are available for Hepatitis C. Current treatment of chronic hepatitis C involves 8-12 weeks of oral pills.

Early intervention is always crucial, and speaking to a healthcare provider about your needs is recommended. Please visit the HUED directory to find a provider that can help.

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO 

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment

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Centering the Margins in Mental Health: Platforms You Should Follow

During July, we bring awareness to the mental health in BIPOC and marginalized communities of color. One research study points out how structural racism impacts the mental health of marginalized people of color. Dealing with institutional opproppressiona daily basis has an impact on marginalized communities’ mental health and our navigation of the world and resources. 

Not having resources readily available is another reason many mental illnesses go undiagnosed in communities of marginalized people of color. Below are statistics that outline why we need to center BIPOC and marginalized communities of color in mental health:

  • Adult Black/African Americans are 20 percent more likely to report severe psychological distress than adult whites.
  • 18.9% of Hispanic students in grades 9th–12th considered suicide, and 11.3% had attempted suicide. 
  • 10.8% of Asian American high school students say having attempted suicide as compared to 6.2% of white students. 
  • Less than 2% of mental health providers are Black.
  • Language differences between patients and providers, the stigma of mental illness in communities of color, and cultural presentation of symptoms can contribute to misdiagnoses.
  • Black children and adolescents who died by suicide were more likely than White youths to have experienced a crisis during the two weeks before they died.
  • American Indians/Alaskan Natives report higher post-traumatic stress disorder and alcohol dependence rates than any other ethnic or racial group.

The research continues to show how underserved our communities are, and for that, we have suffered. However, over the last few years, the rise of social media has allowed many mental health professionals and organizations to share resources for free, which has been an asset to many people. Here we have compiled a list of different platforms that give helpful information and resources online:

  1. Therapy For Black Girls
  2. Latinx Therapists Network
  3. NAMI
  4. Indigenous Circle of Wellness
  5. Nedra Glover Tawwab
  6. So’oh-Shinálí Sister Project
  7. Dr. Jennifer Mullan

Although none of these platforms absolve the need for a licensed therapist that can be seen regularly, it can help. Finding a therapist and getting daily overarching advice from a licensed professional. If someone requires a licensed therapist, please visit the HUED directory and search for a therapist in your area. Mental health is important, and we need more readily available resources to help the communities most impacted to have collective mental wellness.

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO 

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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5 Stress Reliever Foods You Need In Your Kitchen

It goes without saying that life can get hectic, so we compiled a list of foods to help with stress relief. Yes, stress relief, if we remember in our previous article #HustleCulture Booked & Busy But What about Rest? We touched on the rising risk of stroke in young adults due to sleep deprivation and stress.

Making sure the foods you keep in your pantry provide you with the necessary nutrients is essential to keeping your stress levels low. Below is a list of 5 food items you should incorporate into your meals.

Banana: Bananas are a good source of dopamine, and one serving can give you 23% of the daily potassium you need. They also contain over 40% of the recommended daily dose of vitamin B6, making them a vitamin-friendly and stress-reducing gold mind! 

Yogurt: Most know that yogurt has natural probiotics that are good for the digestive system but did you know that it also helps with stress relief? The process of fermentation milk allows “good” bacteria to rise in yogurt.  Research is finding much stress causing hormones to rest in the gut, so eating foods that balance gut health are needed in our book!

Oatmeal: Oatmeal, one of the go-to breakfast items, is also on the list for stress-relieving foods. The high magnesium content helps satisfy hunger which allows high levels of serotonin to flow through the body.  

Dark Chocolate: We were happy to see chocolate on stress-relieving foods. Yes, dark chocolate is an item you do not have to take out of your kitchen. Instead, tell them HUED said to keep it because it has been proven a mood booster. One study observed high anxiety patients and found that 40g of daily serving over two weeks had a noticeable impact on their mood and gut health.

Tea: It is tea time! Tea is a beverage that is a proven stress reliever. Over six weeks, such as black and green teas have been proven to help reduce cardiovascular issues. Depression and anxiety are linked to cardiovascular problems positively impacted by team consumption.

Also, take this moment to contact your primary care provider (or find one) to set up an appointment to discuss more stress-relieving foods. Finally, look at the HUED directory that connects Black, Latinx, and Indigenous patients with culturally humble medical providers.

Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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Understanding HIV and How to Get Tested

The Center for Disease and Control defines HIV  (human immunodeficiency virus) as a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, and if left untreated, it can develop into AIDS. Individuals contracting HIV can live a long life, and will the correct medication, they can avoid transferring the illness to others. HIV is not curable and is a lifetime illness so understanding the history and prevention is essential 

The outbreak of HIV started in the United States in the early 1980s, and it was found to be passed through sex, blood donation, and sharing needles. However, researchers found HIV and AIDs had originated in West-Central Africa in monkeys and jumped from primate to human through cuts and wounds before the 1980s. In the past, the fear of HIV lead to misinformation and the ostracizing of individuals such as those in the LGBTQA+ community. This has caused violence and a lack of resources in marginalized Black, Latinx, and LGBTQA+ communities.

Today information is readily available to show everyone can be impacted by HIV, and those who are sexually active should test frequently. Numerous campaigns and research studies touch on ending the stigma associated with HIV that lingers throughout the years. Testing for HIV can be done during STD and STI testing, and it is recommended annually. However, depending on your sexual activity with new partners or frequency, sharing needles twice a year or three times a year can also be done.

AIDSvu.org

The Center for Disease Control has a Get Tested database to help individuals find HIV testing sites in their community for low to no cost.  

The three types of HIV tests can be seen below:

  • Antibody tests to check for HIV antibodies in blood or oral fluid. 
  • Antigen/antibody tests can detect both HIV antibodies and HIV antigens in the blood.
  • NATs (very expensive and used for high-risk exposures)

Although we have medication and resources that can help individuals with HIV with low to no symptoms and flares, those resources are not readily available to everyone. In addition, marginalized Black, Latinx, Indigenous, and those within LGBTQA+ often live in communities that do not have adequate healthcare, insurance, or transportation. So the necessary medication and treatment that allow people to live longer lives with HIV are not readily available.

It is essential to ensure all communities have the necessary resources and information to have the required testing for HIV. Although anyone can be impacted, not everyone has the healthcare to navigate through HIV, which is a health disparity. Getting tested, advocating, and circulating accurate information is how we can stay informed about HIV. 

Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO

Site content is provided for informational purposes and is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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Roe vs. Wade Was Overturned and What to Do Next

On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court released its decision to overturn the federal protection of Roe v. Wade and allow states to set individual precedents. States have already set up trigger laws that immediately impact abortion accessibility for conditions, such as Arkansas and Louisiana. Centers and clinics had to cancel future appointments, which had significant emotional and mental effects on those working at clinics and patients.

Over the past few days, we have seen an outpour of political leaders, businesses, celebrities, and medical professionals sharing how this decision attacks healthcare. Below is an image to illustrate the 26 states that are certain or likely to have an abortion ban according to the Guttmacher Institute:

These bans include:
• Trigger bans
• 6-week bans
• 8-week bans
• Near-total bans

Many states plan not to give exceptions for sexual assault, incest, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy, which will lead to trauma and death. States leaning towards a near-total ban are even looking to take legal action against anyone who gets an abortion and those that assist (i.e., driving someone to the clinic). This decision attacks healthcare and will further create health disparities for marginalized Black, Latinx, and Indigenous individuals. Especially when the Supreme Court is looking to overturn laws that give access to contraceptives such as IUDs and Plan B.

Organizations such as Planned Parenthood, Plan C, and the Digital Defense Fund ensure we have the necessary information to access abortions and stay undetected by law enforcement. Below is an infographic that includes tips on how to keep hidden when looking for an abortion.

These tips include:
• Turning off location
• Deleting period tracking apps
• Clearing browser history
• Use Firefox focus instead of the default browser

For those looking to have a better understanding of their state’s new abortion laws and to access and donate to clinics, follow the links below:
• PlannedParenthood.org: Understand access in your state
• AbortionFunds.org: Donate to abortion funds
• KeepOurClinics.org: Independent Support Clinics
• PlanCPills.org: Learn more and buy Abortion Pills
• Plan B: Learn more at Planned Parenthood

For decades we have been able to access abortions and contraceptives, and now the rights of millions are being taken. The following steps are to learn what is happening in your state, share as much information as possible, and vote. During this time, it is also important to rest and recenter as this decision can be overwhelming and disheartening for many.
Stay connected to us on Instagram @HUEDCO
Site content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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What is Vitiligo? Cause, Frequency, and treatment for patients – a guide on treatment and expert tips by a dermatologist

Vitiligo is a common skin condition where areas of skin tend to lose their color (or depigment) due to the destruction of the pigment-producing cells (melanocytes). Any skin area can become affected, but the most common areas include the face (including the eyes, nose, and mouth), hands, elbows, knees, ankles, and groin, as well as areas of injury or friction. In addition, many skin disorders can lead to pigment changes on the skin. A board-certified dermatologist can help diagnose vitiligo in the office through a physical examination, history taking, and tools such as a Wood’s lamp.

What causes vitiligo to occur?

While the exact cause of vitiligo has been debated, we know that multiple environmental and genetic factors can play a role in the condition. Vitiligo is considered an autoimmune skin disorder, which means the body’s immune system destroys melanocytes. In addition, some people have an increased risk of autoimmune thyroid diseases that can lead to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

Who does vitiligo affect?

Vitiligo affects all ages, genders, and ethnicities. Because the condition creates areas of deep pigmentation, this can appear more prominent on those with darker skin and can be challenging to identify in those with lighter skin. Some forms of vitiligo are more common in African descent. While the condition may start rapidly in some and it can vary person-to-person.

What are skin care considerations for those with vitiligo?

The importance of sun protection in those with vitiligo cannot be overstated. Using a broad spectrum, SPF 30 or higher sunscreen can limit sunburn risk, especially in depigmented areas that are most vulnerable. Sunscreen also has an additional role in preventing natural skin tanning, which, if it occurs, can make areas of vitiligo more prominent in appearance. Other sun protective behaviors are essential, such as avoiding peak hours of sun exposure, avoiding tanning beds, wearing a broad-brimmed hat, sunglasses, sun protective clothing, and seeking shade. 

What are the treatment options for those with vitiligo?

The most crucial step in treatment is obtaining the correct diagnosis with a board-certified dermatologist. With treatment, many patients can experience stabilizing their pigment loss and better quality of life. Once stable, therapies are available to assist in repigmenting the skin; however, results can be variable. Medical therapy using topical anti-inflammatory creams (such as topical steroids and calcineurin inhibitors), light therapy, and oral/injectable medications can help decrease the condition’s impact. Emerging surgical options also exist to treat the condition. In advanced cases, depigmentation may be offered by your physician. Cosmetic camouflage products are available at all stages if those affected desire coverage. It’s essential to understand all the available treatment options and work closely with your physician to choose a treatment plan that is best for you.

  1. Alikhan A, Felsten LM, Daly M, Petronic-Rosic V. Vitiligo: a comprehensive overview Part I. Introduction, epidemiology, quality of life, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, associations, histopathology, etiology, and work-up. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2011;65(3):473-91.
  2. Grimes PE. Vitiligo. In: Taylor S, Kelly AP, Lim H, Serrano AM. Taylor and Kelly’s Dermatology for Skin of Color. 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education; 2016.
  3. Felsten LM, Alikhan A, Petronic-Rosic V. Vitiligo: a comprehensive overview Part II: treatment options and approach to treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2011;65(3):493-514.

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